A Historic Partnership

Respectable Virtues, Timeless Truth Off 34

Amud Aish And The Auschwitz Museum Partner To Bring Perspective Of Religious Victims To Light

Too often, world events dictate that the contents of this column have a negative spin. Whether it’s rising anti-Semitism or stories of the war, it is certainly our duty to cover these issues. But in truth one never has to look very far for good news. One example that I’m excited about is the steady increase of people from all over the world visiting Poland for a firsthand look at sites of Jewish interest. This has allowed us to implement a new program that will change the way the world views the Holocaust.
Currently, the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum employs 286 guides, or docents, to lead the more than two million annual visitors around the former concentration camp. With a collective vocabulary of 20 languages, they are equipped to deal with a multinational audience.
Or are they? Ever since my first visit to Auschwitz, I have always walked away with somewhat of an empty feeling. Yes, we filed under the infamous sign emblazoned with the words “Arbeit Macht Frei”; we saw the gas chambers and crematoria. But there was a great void—a feeling that an integral piece of the story of those who perished here remained untold.
The founding principle of Amud Aish is to present the Holocaust through the lens of Torah, mitzvos and bitachon. Using artifacts and personal stories, we have succeeded in spreading this message around the tri-state area, and our educational programs have impacted countless people across the country. Why not change the attitude at Auschwitz, I thought.
And so after much effort and negotiations, we did. This past December, Dr. Henry Lustiger-Thaler, our senior curator, and I embarked on a mission to transform the way Auschwitz is presented to the world. We were joined by Rabbi Aubrey Hersh of London, whose presentations are a crucial part of our program.
We had the opportunity to speak to the group of docents and open their eyes to the importance of the spiritual struggles and victories of the prisoners of Auschwitz. On a series of tours, these guides now became the guests as we explained how Jews maintained their relationship with Hashem and risked their lives to keep the Torah. With specific stories and examples, the docents are now able to integrate this narrative as they conduct tours, stopping at appropriate places where these stories actually occurred.
One example is an area that was used to store barrels that were converted into a clandestine sukkah; another stop highlights the ongoing minyanim in the barracks.
Andrzej Kacorzyk, director of the International Center for Education about Auschwitz and the Holocaust at the Auschwitz Memorial, explained why he believes this work is crucial. “For the very first time, the complex topic of how Orthodox Jews dealt with the reality of the Auschwitz extermination camp was analyzed in an exhaustive manner and presented to the museum educators. They were provided with an important tool which will enable them to present this question both to visitors who are not involved in Jewish Orthodoxy, as well as to Orthodox groups, whose presence in the museum is constantly increasing,” he said.
Needless to say, the basic structure of the visits and tours have not changed. The enormity of Auschwitz speaks for itself, and it will continue to be the iconic memorial of an unprecedented genocide. But I am proud to say that we have breathed new life into what used to be a solemn walk through the silent and cold camp.
The docents themselves reflected this sentiment. Tomasz Michaldo, the director of guiding methodology at the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum, said that “all of [the docents] said that this was an eye-opening session. Most of those who participated have already been to Yad Vashem and other Holocaust-related museums, but the faith-based perspective is not stressed in any of those. I do know that many of them use what they’ve learned during the tours.”
While it is certainly encouraging to hear that our efforts were well received, I always remind myself that there is really an even greater goal. We strive to convey the message of kiddush Hashem to those who visit Auschwitz because I believe that this was the overarching desire of those who perished there. Up until their last breath with Shema Yisrael on their lips, many were determined to show their tormentors that their faith in Hashem was steadfast. It is our duty and privilege to keep their legacy alive.

About the author / 

Rabbi Sholom Friedmann

Rabbi Sholom Friedmann is a Talmid of Rabbi Leib Bakst זצ"ל, of Yeshivas Ateres Mordechai, Detroit, Michigan. After learning in the yeshivah and kollel, Rabbi Friedmann moved to the British colony of Gibraltar and studied in the Gateshead Kollel for three more years, at which time he received rabbinical ordination. From there, Rabbi Friedmann moved to London, England. In London, Rabbi Friedmann taught in the Menorah Grammar School, and was appointed the communal Rov of Kehilas Kol Yaakov, Edgware, London. Rabbi Friedmann was awarded Qualified Teaching Status by the British Board of Education in 2002, and a diploma in educational psychology by the Tavistock clinic (London) in 2006. In 2005, Rabbi Friedmann was accepted as a Fellow in Holocaust Education by the prestigious Imperial War Museum, London. Rabbi Friedmann relocated to New York in 2008 to become the Director of Zechor Yemos Olam, the Holocaust education division of Torah Umesorah. While occupying that position, Rabbi Friedmann created teaching materials, videos, and teacher training programs, including the ZYO Holocaust education fellowship program. In April 2012, Rabbi Friedmann was appointed as the director of the Amud Aish Memorial Museum. The museum founded by Elly Kleinman will carry on the legacy of holocaust history. For more info about when it is expected to open read this article.

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